In this session, we will discuss what is organizational behavior and the Introduction of organizational behavior, the meaning, the definition of organizational behavior.
What is organizational behavior?
Why do people behave the way they do? what characteristics do effective organization managers and subordinates exhibit in the organization? what causes different people to react differently to the same situation? what is the relationship between individual employees, groups, and the organizations they work for? why are some organizations more successful than others, even though they appear to be managed in the same manner? All of these questions and more are the substance in the study of organizational behavior.
Before defining organizational behavior you need to know everything about the organizational behavior because it is dedicate to two words that one is organization and the second one is behavior. First, let’s discuss both words organization and behavior. let’s discuss organization, “organization is a group of people who are collected to work for a common goal with collective efforts. And Behavior, “Behavior is a verbal and physical response shown by a human as a consequence of the impact of his/her surrounding. both words combine together that the result comes out organizational behavior.
Organizational behavior is the field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structures have on behavior within the organization.
Organizational behavior-Definition and Meaning:- According to L.M. Parsad, K Aswathappa, Stephen P. Robbins, Newstrom, and a few others.
According to L.M. Prasad defines, “Organizational behavior can be defined as the study and application of knowledge about human behavior related to other elements of an organization such as structure, technology, and social systems.”
According to K. Aswathappa, “organizational behavior is the study of human behavior in the organizational setting, of the interface between human behavior and organization and of the organization itself.” Stephen P. Robbins defines, “OB is a field of study that investigates the impact that individual’s groups and structures have on behavior within organization for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an organization’s effectiveness.”
In the words of Fred Luthans, “Behavior is directly concerned with the understanding, prediction, and control of human behavior in the organization.”
According to John Newstrom and Keith Devis, “OB is the study and application of knowledge about how people as individuals and as groups act within an organization. it strives to identify ways in which people can act more effectively.”
Davis and Newstrom, “OB is the study and application of knowledge about how people act within an organization.”
In isolation, OB is the study of individual behavior, when in a group and a part of an organization. Would be incomplete only the study of individual behavior because behavior is impact by the people surrounding us as well as by the organization, where the people work. organizations would be of no use studying only individuals or only. Both simultaneously when it is essential to study.
Here is some factor which impacts the individual behavior like that norms, personality, leadership effectiveness, perception, performance appraisal, learning, job satisfaction, attitude, motivation family background, training, values, and ethics. Individuals and organizational culture, group dynamics, organizational environment, communication impact group behavior. Some factors which impact the individuals’ behavior in the organization like culture and conflicts, organizational structure, relation with seniors, and juniors, status, politics, and power. These all various factors relate to different disciplines including, anthropology, psychology, political science, sociology, social psychology, etc.
How different people react to the different situations by the defining study about individual behavior, group behavior and organization give the inferences. To be adopte for different people, it guides regarding the leadership styles and the motivation styles. Due to the individual differences incentive schemes, motivators, diverse leadership styles, communication styles should be applied.