Theories of Group Formation | features, types

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In this session, we will be discussing the theories of group formation and features of Group Formation, types of Group Formation, the importance of Group Formation, and 5 stages. Like that forming stage, storming stage, Norming stage, performing stage, Adjourning stage.

Theories of group formation

A group always defines two or more people coming together with common objectives. The whole group of a member interacts and independent on each other with the view to achieving particular goals of the organization. The whole group of members sharing similar interests with each other. That’s why a group is a part of the larger organization system. (theories of group formation)

In simple words, let’s talk about the organization. In the organization, there are many departments, and the whole department working more people for a particular goal.  They all interact and are independent with each other and they all shared a similar interest in the department that is called group.

According to Stephen P. Robbins: – A group is defined as two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives.

According to Arnold and Feldman: – A working group is a collection of two or more people who interact with each other, share similar interests, and come together to accomplish some work activity. (theories of group formation)

In the session on the definition of group formation, we will also discuss the features of group formation.

The features of group formation can be dedicated to the following points.
  • Collection of people
  • Common goals and interest
  • Interaction
  • interdependence
  • Collective identity
  • Norms
  • Roles
  • Structure
Theories of Group Formation | features, types

Collection of people

Group simply define two or more individual’s collection of people. Groups are operating in a social situation. Never a group defines a single person it at list requires two or people of group formation. People are motivate to join together in membership. They have needs for affiliation.

Common goals and interests

According to the group, there is no individual’s goal and interest. because in the group there are two or more people working interact and interdependence with each other with the view to achieving particular goals. And they all are sharing a common interest in the group. For example, the members of a marketing department constitute a group that is sustaine by the mutual interest of the members. (theories of group formation)


Interaction is the most important character display in the group. Like that it must be interaction for groups to exist. However, what kind of interaction must exist? Like that we all are comminute with each other in the group with occur in several ways, i.e., face to face, telephonic, in writing, or in any other manner. According to Cragon, Wright, and Kasch (2008) state that the primary defining characteristic of group interaction is that it is purposeful. They go on to break down purposeful interaction into four types:  trust building, problem-solving, team building, and role-playing. Without purposeful interaction, a true group does not exist. Roles, norms, and relationships between members are create through interaction.


Amazing two or three people meet together and talk about anything those types of the group are never called group. Instead, a primary characteristic of groups is that the group members are dependent on each other for the group to maintain its existence and achieve its common objectives.  In essence, interdependence is the recognition by those in a group of their need for the others in the group (Lewin, 1951; Cragon, Wright & Kasch, 2008; Sherblom, 2002). just imagine playing in a cricket game as an individual against the eleven members of another team. Even if you’re considering the best cricket player in the world, it’s highly unlikely you could win a game against eleven other people. You must rely on ten other teammates to make it a successful game. (theories of group formation).

Collective identity

Is there No matter how many groups are there because all groups have a Collective identity? Just like that in the organization, there are many groups and all groups have a collective identity like the marketing department, production department, finance department, more and more.

A group must have certain norms for effective interaction with the group members.


In the group, there is a fixed time for accomplishing the activities for individual members and that’s roles are assigned by the group leaders.


Group has a defined structure that gives a relationship that binds groups members together with stable functioning as a unit. It clarifies the roles, responsibilities, and authority of all group members which is important to complete the group objectives.

In the session on the definition of group formation, we will also discuss the types of group formation.

The types of group formation can be dedicated by the following points.
  1. Formal group
    1. Self-directed team
    2. Quality circles
    3. Committees
    4. Task Force
  2. Informal group
Theories of Group Formation | features, types

Formal group: – A formal group is a type of group which defines by the organization’s structure and the company’s structure to achieve certain goals and objectives. The formal group is establishe under the formal authority. It has a work orientation. It has work assignments to accomplish tasks. The whole members of a formal group’s life may be temporary or permanent depending upon the specific objectives to be fulfilled. like that of temporary formal groups are exemplifie by the task force or temporary committees create to fulfill certain specified objectives and permanent formal groups are board of directors, managing committees, etc. These are further classified as:

Self-directed team: – In any situation always take their own decision or authorized to make their own decision that types of group of employees are called self-directing teams.  as it is independent and also self-governing in nature.

Quality circles: – The whole individual’s group of employees has to meet every week for an hour to talk about their personal problems and are classified together to the same fields those types of a group come under the quality circles. Also, those types of groups of employees identify the causes of a problem and find out the solution to take necessary steps in this regard.

Committees: – A committee formed by the organization’s structure to identify any problem of an organization and discuss their topic and arrive at a conclusion. It can be. (theories of group formation)
  • Adhoc Committee
  • Standing Committee
  • Grievance Committee
  • Advisory Committee
  • Audit Committee
Task Force: The temporary committee is called by the task force, wherein people belonging to different fields are grouped together for the performance of the task.

Informal Group: – In the organization structure, if there is a formal structure then it is definitely correct there is an also informal structure. The organization of the formal structure and system of role relationships, rules, and procedures, will be augmented by interpretation and development at the informal level.

Informal groups are neither formally structured nor organizationally determined. The formal group evolves naturally in the work environment. The informal group of members has common interests. Group of members has the need for social contact and psychological. One person can be a member of several informal groups and also the membership is voluntary.

In the session on the theories of group formation, we will also discuss the stage of group formation.

The stage of group formation can be dedicated to the following points.

just amazing you have to accomplish the most difficult project with a new team. you are so excited about the project and also in your team, there are the most talented and professional members. but take a few minutes and ask yourself do they have team spirit? because without team spirit the most talented individuals can’t perform well together. (theories of group formation)

That’s why most important to develop the team. Group or team development does not happen overnight. Team members go through group formation stages.

But we don’t know how to develop the team or group then let’s talk about Bruce Tuckman. who developed the 5 stages of group formation?

Psychologist Bruce Tuckman in 1965, he has introduced a theory about the stages of group development that’s one is forming, storming, norming, performing. also, in 1977 he was added to a fifth stage that’s one is adjourning. The five-stage can help you to develop your team or group. and today that fifth stage the whole leaders use in developing the team.

Forming: Let’s talk about the first stage that’s one is forming. Forming means the whole group of members coming together. first upon if a project assigned a new group of members, then the whole group of members excited and try to get to know each other. the whole group of members is equally nervous and excited to know about the tasks they will be working on and how they can approach them as a team. if you are a team lead or manager, then this is your responsibility you should understand that, at this stage, everyone in the team desires to be accepted by others and wants to avoid conflict and confusion. (theories of group formation).

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