What are the 14 Principles of management by Henri Fayal?

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In this session of principles of management, we will also discuss the meaning, definition of the 14 principles background, and meaning of 14 principles of management.

Principles of management


You can amazing after 100 or 200 years ago how can managers lead organization because that time no any idea of principles of management. But Today’s managers have access to an amazing array of resources that they can use to improve their skills. (principles-of-management)

So that today managers can simply lead an organization by principles of management so that thanks to early theorists like Henri Fayol (1841-1925), Managers began to get the tools they needed to lead and manage more effectively. Fayol and others like him are responsible for building the foundations of modern management theory. 

Principles of management are generalizations. they guide management practice. principles of management are based on management functions. They are regards as universally applicable in all types of organizations. 


Henri Fayol was born in Istanbul in 1841. When he was 19, he began working as an engineer at a large mining company in France. He eventually became the director, at a time when the mining company employed more than 1,000 people.  

Through the years, Fayol began to develop what he considered to be the most important principles of management. Essentially, these explained how managers should organize and interact with staff.  

In 1916, two years before he stepped down as director, he published his ” Principles of Management” in the book “Administrations Industrielle et Generale” Fayol also created a list of the six primary functions of management, which go hand in hand with the Principles.  

Fayol’s “principles of management” was one of the earliest theories of management to be created, and remains one of the most comprehensive. He’s considered to be among the most influential contributors to the modern concept of management, even though people don’t refer to “The principles of management” often today.

The theory falls under the Administrative Management school of thought (as opposed to the Scientific Management school, led by Fredrick Taylor.

In the session on the principles of management, we will also discuss the 14 principles.

The 14 principles of management are dedicated to the following points.

  1. Division of work
  2. Authority and Responsibility
  3. Discipline
  4. Unity of Command
  5. Unity of Direction
  6. Subordination of Individual interests to general interests
  7. Remuneration
  8. Centralization
  9. Scalar Chain
  10. Order
  11. Equity
  12. Stability of tenure of personnel
  13. Initiative
  14. Esprit de corps
What are the 14 Principles of management by Henri Fayal?
Division of work 

These are the principles of specialization. An employee should be assigne only one type of works to increase output. Like that Division of the whole works of the organization among individuals and creating departments is call the division of works. (principles-of-management).

In other, words division of works leads to specialization and specialization helps to increase efficiency and efficiency which results in an improvement in the productivity and profitability of the organization. In practice, activities are group into departments like marketing, production, human resource management, finance. This leads to the functional division of work. 

Authority and Responsibility 

Authority must be equal to responsibility. These Principles of the legitimate power of authority. In the organization how authority is necessary to commands are carried out. In the organization, managers didn’t have the authority they would lack the ability to get work carried out. Responsibility is an obligation to perform the works. This principle states that authority should flow from responsibility. Those who exercise authority must assume responsibility should be accompanied by authority. Both authority and responsibility should follow each other.  

Managers should accept final responsibility subordinates should have authority to do the job. They should be a delegation of authority. 


In the organization, if there is no discipline then the organization nothing can be accomplished. but discipline is the displaying most character in the organization. 

Discipline means follow and respect for the rules and regulations of the organization. Discipline may be self-discipline, or it may enforce discipline. (principles-of-management).

In the organization not allowed slacking or bending of rules. To establish discipline good supervision and impartial judgment are needed. 

Unity of command 

This principle states that one employee should have only one direct supervisor (boss, manager). If multiple bosses weakened discipline, divided loyalty, create conflicts, and undermining authority. 

In other words, an employee must report to only one boss. It helps in preventing dual employees. This decreases the possibilities of “Dual employee” which creates a problem as a function of managers. 

Unity of Direction 

In the organization, there is a different department the whole department direct by an individual (managers. Boss). According to this principle in the organization, there should be one head and one plan for a group of activities having the same objectives. 

For example, all marketing activities should be directed by one manager. This means all the people working in a company should have one goal and motive which will make the works easier and achieve the set goal easily. (principles-of-management).

  • This principle essential for coordination of effort, better use of resources, and effective communication. 

Subordination of individual interest to general interests 

According to this principle, there is no difference between in hole group of employees. Like that In the organization the interest of the group should supersede that of the individual. When the interests differ then it is the function of management to reconcile them. (principles-of-management)


According to this principle, Price is the remuneration for services received good price pay should be fair to both the employee and the firm.

In other, words In an organization employee satisfaction depends on fair remuneration for everyone. includes financial and non-financial compensation.

Centralization of authority

In any kind of organization, the management or any authority is responsible for the decision-making process should be natural. It is always present to a greater or lesser extent, depending on the size of the organization and the quality of its management.

The authority is concentrate only in a few hands in centralization. However, in the decentralization of the organization, but the authority is distributed to all the levels of management. No organization can be completely centralized or decentralized.

The differences between centralization or decentralization are as follows. In the organization there is complete centralization then the subordinates will have no authority (power)to carry out their responsibility (duties). but, In the organization, there is complete decentralization then the management will have no authority to control the organization.

Scalar Chain

If in the organization sometimes the chai of command is call the scalar chain so that is the formal line of authority.

In an organization, the chain of command is usually depicted on an organization chart that identifies the relationships between superior and subordinate, and also the chain of command is the line of authority from top-level to lower level of organization.

In the organization under the unity of command, the instructions flow downward along the chain of command and accountability flows upward.


According to this principle a place for everything in its proper place. it might be that organization is the principle that refers to the arrangement of material/things and persons in an organization.

In other, words In an organization, the workplace facilities must be tidy, safe, and clean for employees. everything should have its place.

There must be an orderly placement of the resources such as men and women, money, material, etc. Human and material resources must be in the right place at the right time. Misplacement will lead to miscues and disorder.


According to this principle, the responsibility of the manager should be treated equally and respectfully to the whole organization’s employees. The combination is the kindness and justice of equity.

In other, words In the organization equity create loyalty and devotion in the employee.

Stability of Tenure of Personnel

According to this principle in the organization, if the employee feels secure in their job then they will deliver the best and the responsibility of management to offer job security to their employees.

Management should strive to minimize employee turnover. Personnel planning should be a priority.


According to this principle, the management should support and encourage’s subordinates to take initiative. The initiative will help subordinate to increase their interest and make them worth. (principles-of-management).

Esprit De Corps

According to the organization that is the management’s responsibility to motivate their employee and they are also in support of each other regularly. In an organization, the management has to trust develop and Mutual understanding will lead to a positive outcome and work environment.

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  2. Meaning of Coordination | Features, Importance and Types
  3. Process of Structuring an Organization | organizational structure types
  4. Approaches to Organizing | 3 Important Approaches
  5. Principles of Organizing | Meaning, and Explanation

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