In this session, we will discuss the meaning of organizing, and its characteristics of Organizing
Meaning of Organizing
In the organization to arrange everything is called organizing. So organizing is the most important character display in the organization. And organizing is the second key of management function after planning. (meaning of organizing)
In another way organizing is a process of identifying organizational activities and resources, forming structure, grouping them on the basis of nature, assigning the job, providing rights and duties, and establishing a working relationship between them. Organizing is essential for performing staffing, directing, and controlling functions of management. It is aime at achieving organizational goals.
According to O’ Donnel, “Organizing involves the establishment of an international structure of roles through determination and enumeration of the activities required to achieve the goals of an organization and each part of it, the grouping of these activities the assignment of such groups of activities to the managers, the delegation of authority to carry them out and provision for co-ordination of authority and informational relationship, horizontally and vertically, in the organizational structure.” (meaning of organizing).
In this session, on the meaning of organizing, we will also discuss the characteristic of organizing.
The characteristic of organizing can be dedicated by the following points.
- Division of labor
- Authority and Responsibility structure
Division of labor:- To achieve organizational goals and activities all are depending on the organization’s work. So organizational work is divide into different activities and different functions of management and allocate to a group and an individual of people. As the whole of organizational work may be too heavy for an individual or a group of people. The organizational structure comes into existence. For example, all organizational departments like marketing, production, and personnel, etc. (meaning of organizing).
Co-ordination:- Once the managerial functions allocate and decide to individual and group of people. Next is to see that all the organizational activities of an individual or a group of people must be directed toward achieving organizational goals and objectives. So that is organization activities are harmonize and unified.
Objectives:- In the whole world of organization. All organizations have to set one mission or different types of mission or objectives. If the organization hasn’t set a mission then the organization has no meaning. It is because the structure is the frame in such a way that the works are allocate to different goals in such a way that they are harmonize and unified towards the achievement of organizational goals and objectives. (meaning of organizing)
Authority and Responsibility structure
A structure consists of various positions arranged in a hierarchy with a clear definition of the authority and responsibility associated with each of these. An organization can’t serve certain specific goals or purposes unless some positions are placed above others and given authority to bind them by their decision. In fact, an organizational structure is quite often define as a structure of authority and responsibility relationships.
Communication:- Communicate with the employee are most important of any organization to achieve organizational goals and objectives. The techniques are important, and the flow of communication must be known to all the members of an organization.
So It is clear about that discussion to confirm that organization structure is a structure of position arrange in the hierarchy for the pursuit of common objectives through specialization and division of work. (meaning of organizing).
In the session on the meaning of organizing, we will also discuss the process of organizing.
The process of organizing can be dedicated to the following points.
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