In this session, we will discuss the meaning of motivation, and its characteristics of motivation, types of motivation.
Meaning of Motivation
To inspiring people. The meaning of motivation is called the people inspiring with anything. So that motivation is that type of character display in the human being life, which is encouraging to the people to give their best performance and achieve their targeted goals. Motivation involves the biological, social, psychological, emotional, and cognitive state that drives a person towards a specific action. There is display positive and negative motivation. So positive motivation is like fuel to perform or continue an action based on need and the negative motivation will reduce their performance so that Personal management is the key element is the motivation.
In others words, In the world, there are different kinds of organizations. So all organization’s success depends on their employee’s performance. Management gets the jobs by working with and through employees to achieve their goals. Motivation can be extrinsic which is externally included. It can be intrinsic which is self-generated. The financial incentive for a job well done is an extrinsic sense of satisfaction for a job well done is intrinsic. (meaning of motivation).
According to Delton E. Mcfarland:- The concept of motivation is mainly psychological. It relates to those factors or forces operating with the individual employee or subordinate which impels him to act or not to act in certain ways.
Rick Giffin defines the meaning of motivation:- Motivation is the set of forces that cause people to behave in certain ways.
According to Fred Luthans:- Motivation is a process that starts with a physiological or psychological deficiency or needs that activities behavior or a drive that is aimed at a goal or incentive.
. Motivation is the type of element that is the leading function of management. It induces people for higher productivity. Employee accidents, turnover, and absenteeism are reduced. Change is effectively managed if employed are motivated.
In the session on the meaning of motivation, we will also discuss the characteristics of motivation.
The charactristics of motivation can be dedicated by the following points.
- The personal and psychological concept
- Motivation is a complex subject
- It is a continuous process
- Motivation is a process
- Motivation is a goal-oriented
- Positive and negative motivation
- Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation
- it is Behavior oriented
Motivation is the personal and psychological concept
It is concerned with individual needs. Motives and drives. It is a personal as well as a psychological concept. The managers have to study the mental and psychological aspects of the individual. It is that internal state that guides behavior.
Motivation is a process
Motivation is that type of process which is inspiring, energizing, reducing, and activating to the employees to give their best performance and achieve their targeted goals. The process starts with unsatisfied needs, moves through tension, drives, and goal achievement, finally, it ends with the reduction of tension aroused by unsatisfied needs. (meaning of motivation)
Motivation is a continuous process
Motivation is a continuous and never-ending process rather than a one-shot affair. Because unlimited wants and needs always stock for an individual. So that motivation is an ongoing process. Individual needs and wants are innumerable and cannot be satisfied at one time. As satisfaction of needs is an ongoing process, so motivation is also an ongoing process. As soon as the existing need is fulfilled, another will appear.
Motivation is the complex subject
Motivation is a complex subject. It is difficult to predict due to individual differences. The level of need of a person depends on his\her psychological and physiological aspects.
Motivation is goal-oriented
Its leads to action directed towards the achievement of stated goals and objectives. Motivation causes goal-directed behavior of employees, feeling by the person causes him to behave in such a way that he tries to satisfy himself. from the viewpoint of the organization, the goal is to achieve high productivity through better job performance. (meaning of motivation).
Positive and Negative motivation
Motivation can be positive or negative. positive motivation is based on incentives and employees for good performance. But it is not necessary that all the time motivation must be positive rather than sometimes it can be negatives also. S negative motivation is based on punishment for poor performance.
Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation
Motivation is intrinsic to self-generated. The intrinsic factor included recognition, social status, self-esteem, and self-actualization need which are related to the inner aspects of an individual. And the extrinsic factor is physiological and social needs such as food, shelter, health, education, scary, benefits, etc.
Motivation is Behavior-oriented
Motivation is person-specific. it involves the personal behavior of an employee. So behavior is the most important activity undertaken by an individual in the organization workplace. The behavior is directe towards the attainment of goals and objectives. (meaning of motivation)
In the session on the meaning of motivation, we will also discuss the types of motivation.
The types of motivation can be dedicated by the following points.
- Intrinsic motivation
- Extrinsic motivation
- Achievement motivation
- Affiliation motivation
- Competence motivation
- Power motivation
- Attitude motivation
- Incentive motivation
- Fear motivation
Intrinsic motivation is that type of character that displays all the things that motivate you based on internal rewards like self-improvement or helping a friend in need. For example, you may be motivated to set yourself goals to be losing weight and becoming healthier. you might be motivated to succeed because you want to positively affect the lives of the people around you.
However, it is not necessary that all the time motivation must be positive, rather than sometimes, intrinsic motivation can also have negative drivers. For example, you can motivate yourself to learn something new because otherwise, you’ll feel unfulfilled. The outcome of your action is positive, but the specific types of motivation you use were focused on stopping a negative outcome rather than creating a positive outcome. that’s why and more there are many types of intrinsic motivation that all focus on a specific motivation reward or driver.
Regardless of positive or negative intrinsic motivation is typically more sustainable than extrinsic motivation because it usually focuses on positive or altruistic things you can control. Conversely, extrinsic motivation typically focuses on things that are given to you by someone else and therefore are not directly within your control to achieve.
Extrinsic motivation is that type of character that displays all the things that motivate you based on external rewards like money or praise. These types of motivation are more common than intrinsic motivators and including achieving things due to a tangible, fear, or expectation, all of which depend on external factors. for example, an employee wants to get a promotion because of the expected raise.
Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation can sometimes be negative. for example, you can be motivated to perform better at your job due to fear of being fired. This shows that extrinsic motivation, like its high-level counterpart, has many different motivations. Types that highlight a specific external motivation driver and explains how effective it is at motivation.
As you can see, motivation is more complex than simply categorizing. it is either an internal or external incentive. for example information on general intrinsic or extrinsic rewards and how they compare and contrast. (meaning of motivation).
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