Meaning of Coordination | Features, Importance, and Types

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In this session, we will discuss the meaning of coordination, and features of Coordination.

In this session, we will discuss the meaning of coordination. To achieve organizational goals in the organization there is the different department in working tandem. that because the organization department needs to coordinate effectively to ensure that they work in a harmonious manner. Let’s talk about clearly the meaning of coordination.

Meaning of coordination

Coordination is not a management function, rather it is the essence of management. To achieve organizational goals coordination is needed to all the level of management and at each step of the organization.

Coordination is a type of management function which provides unity in the organization to achieve the organization’s goals. Like that in the organization, there is different department and the whole department need to coordination because coordination binds them together in the organization. (meaning of coordination).

According to Mooney and Relay, “Coordination is an orderly arrangement of group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals.”

According to Charles Worth, “Coordination is the integration of several parts into an orderly hole to achieve the purpose of understanding.”

Mary Parker Follet, “The first test of a business administration should be whether you have a business with all its parts so coordinated, so moving together in their closely-knit and adjusting activities, so linking, inter-locking, inter-relating, that they make a working unit that is not congenic of separate pieces, but a functional whole or integrated unit.” (meaning of coordination)

In the session on the meaning of coordination, we will also discuss the 6 features of coordination.

The 6 features of coordination can be dedicated to the following points.

  • Coordination Integrates Group efforts
  • Ensure unity of efforts
  • Coordination process
  • It is a pervasive function
  • Coordination is the responsibility of all managers
  • It in a deliberate function
Meaning of Coordination | Features, Importance, and Types

Coordination Integrates group efforts

The different department has a different group of employees and that all group of employees binds together that the concept of coordination can be applied. Because the concepts of coordination always apply to group efforts. The concept of coordination can’t be applied where only a single individual is working. The need for orderliness, integration arises only individuals are working as different individuals come from different backgrounds, have different styles of working So there is a need to unite their efforts in a common direction.

Ensure unity of efforts

To achieve organizational goals the whole department of the organization have needs unity among the various activities of an organization. Then the concept of coordination is of creating unity in the department. For example purchase and sales, departments have to coordinate their efforts. So that supply of goods takes place according to purchase orders. (meaning of coordination)

Continuous process

Coordination is the type of character display in the organization. In the organization, each and every level of management and each and every step in the organization coordination can be needed. That’s because coordination is a continuous process. For example, the top level of management gives the order to the middle level of management and the middle level of management gives the order to the lower level of management and the lower level of management gives the order to subordinates.

Coordination is a pervasive function

Pervasiveness refers to that truth that is applicable to all spheres. like that, in the organization, there is a different level and also different department. So it is require at all the levels and all the departments and to perform all the functions due to interdependence of various activities on each other. For example, if low-quality inputs are purchase by the purchasing department, it will result in production for the low-quality product which further results in a low sale, low revenue, and so on.

Coordination is the responsibility of all managers

In the organization, coordination is need at all levels of management. like that top-level, middle-level, and lower level of management. It is not the task of only the top level of management but management working at different levels tries to coordinate the activities of the organization. Thus coordination is the responsibility of all the management that they make effort to establish coordination in the organization. (meaning of coordination)

Coordination is a deliberate function

Coordination is never established by itself but it is a deliberate effort. only coordination does not suffice but coordination is also needed. for example, a teacher aspires to teach effectively (this is cooperation) but the timetable is not prepared in the school (this is a lack of coordination).

In this situation, classes can’t be arranged for. Here the efforts made by the teacher are meaningless, in the absence of coordination. On the other hand, in the absence of cooperation, coordination dissatisfies the employees. Thus both are required at a given point in time. (meaning of coordination).

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