Delegation of Authority | Meaning, Types, Process, and Importance

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In this session, we will discuss the delegation of authority, and meaning Delegation of Authority, the definition of Delegation of Authority.

Delegation of authority

Delegation of authority is the most character display in the organization. In the organization, there is a lot of tasks and the whole task can be divide in different department as a group of people. Superior and subordinates, the authority and task need to be dedicated among all the people because the whole tasks of organizational can’t be performed by one person or individually. Lets us try to deeply learn about the delegation of authority.

In this session, we will discuss the meaning of delegation of authority, and elements of Delegation of Authority, types of Delegation of Authority, process, and its importance Delegation of Authority.

Meaning of delegation of authority

Delegation of authority is the type of role display in human life. Which, the human can be definitely once time practiced or participated delegation of authority in his whole life. And the perfect example of the delegation of authority is the coordination bride and birder’s made.

In better ways, we can take a woman married for example of delegation of authority to explain. The people can do something amazing on the day of married. But there are a lot of tasks and those tasks can’t be performed by one person or individually.

Therefore the people divide his whole tasks of his friends and also gives them the resources and authority and also the responsibility to complete these tasks and give better result on time.

Similarly, In the organization, there are a lot of tasks and the whole tasks can’t be performe by the organizational managers. that’s because the whole tasks of organizational managers divide with their subordinates and also gives authority and responsibility to accomplish these tasks. So that delegation of authority is a downward process, not vice versa. that means the organizational manager can be assigned his tasks to his employees, but the employees of managers can’t give their work to their organizational managers. While the employees perform their duties bestowed on them the organizational manager supervises his employees.

Therefore we can say that employees don’t have 100% freedom to perform their duties. The manager can question the subordinates about the decisions they made, and they should consider the consequences too.

In the session on delegation of authority, we can also discuss three elements for effective delegation.

The element of delegation of authority can be dedicated to the following points.

  • Assignment of duties and responsibilities to subordinates
  • Granting of authority to subordinates
  • Creating accountability of subordinates
Assignment of duties and responsibilities to subordinates

Duties and responsibilities should be clearly identified for delegation. When an organizational manager will assign some specific task to his subordinates that time the manager clearly identified the duties and responsibilities of subordinates.

When a manager assigns specific tasks the subordinates use their mental and physical capacity to accomplish the task and hence fulfill his responsibility. It is not the job of his subordinate to work efficiently.

So a manager can only assign these types of duties and responsibilities which the subordinates can give better results. If the subordinates can’t accomplish the tasks then the blame falls on the manager himself. So it can clearly define in the organization duties and responsibilities always flow upwards in the organization.

Granting of authority to subordinates

And the second element of delegation is granting of authority to subordinates. Authority comes from responsibility. Once subordinates have fulfilled their responsibility then they will need authority. (delegation of authority)

So authority is that type of power that helps subordinates take the decision in order to accomplish tasks. that’s because when the manager assigns tasks to his subordinates then the manager also gives the resources and authority to his subordinates.

To take independent decision authority to allow the subordinates needed to finish the tasks efficiently and in a timely manner.

So remember it, it clearly defines the authority is must be equal to responsibility. After complete the work efficiently the authority must be sufficient. And in the organizational structure authority also increase as we go up the chain of command. It can also define authority always flows upwards in the organization.

Creating accountability of subordinates for performance

And the last element of delegation of authority is creating accountability of subordinates for performance. After the managers assign the task and resources and authority also gives the manager needs to check on the tasks of his subordinates. The manager is accountable for the tasks done by his subordinates.

Unlike authority, accountability cannot be delegated. So the incapability of the subordinates to accomplish the work satisfactorily will be the manager’s fault.

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