In this session, we will discuss the Approaches to organizing and their important approaches.
Approaches to Organizing
For the structuring, the organization approaches to organizing refer to the common thinking or norms. Developed for organizing the numbers of approaches are refer. The 3 important approaches to organizing are classical approaches, behavioral approaches, and systems and contingency approaches. 3 important approaches are summarized here.
- Classical Approaches
- Behavioral Approaches
- Contingency Approaches
Represents the classical approaches, the traditionally accepted norm, and systems in organizing. This approaches provides universal principles of organizing.
Administrative management theory was developed by Henry Fayol. According to Henry Fayol, management is a distinct field of study and involves many managerial functions like that, Organizing, Coordinating, Planning, Controlling, and commanding. And also fourteen principles of management developed by Henry Fayol. that are universally applicable to all types of organizations.
And the last one is Max Weber. Max Weber developed a theory of bureaucracy. It is a form of organization characterized by the division of labor, detailed rules, and regulations, impersonal relations, and a clearly defined hierarchy. Max Weber offered a bureaucratic model for the management of any type of organization. like that complex and large organization. (Approaches to organizing)
3 important approaches to organizing are the second one is behavioral approaches. This approach to organizing focuses on the behavior of organizational managers as well as organizational employees, and human elements. It emphasizes on social and psychological aspects of organizational structure. It is the approach that concerns scientific investigation, understanding of human behavior, and analysis in an organization.
Behavioral approaches are also focused on anthropology, psychology, and sociology, Frederic, Herzberg, Mary Parker Follet, Elton Mayo, Abraham Maslow, and Douglas McGregor, etc are the main contributors to this approach. (Approaches to organizing)
According to Frederick Herzberg. He has developed the two-factor theory for work motivation-hygiene factor and consisting of motivating factor. Motivating factors are job-centered and relate directly to the job itself. And Hygiene factors external to the job itself. He suggested that enriched jobs are key to motivating employees.
According to Abraham Maslow. He developed a human psychologist theory of human needs. According to him, People always have needs and when one need is relatively fulfilled, others emerge in a predictable sequence to take place. Abraham Maslow classified human needs into five-level as social, self-actual need, physiological, esteem, and safety. (Approaches to organizing)
Douglas McGregor developed two distinct views on human beings. One negative labeled theory X another positive labeled theory Y. According to his theory x and theory y reflect two extreme belief sets that different organizational managers have about their workers.
Systems and Contingency Approaches
3 important approaches to organizing are the last one is systems and contingency approaches. Its have some common viewpoints on organizing. The interrelationship among organizational elements and between the organization and the environment both the approaches are concerned with. that’s one is a systems approach. System approaches are valuable to the organizational managers as it helps them to conceptualize the flow and interaction of various elements of the organization.
- Organization size
- Organizational life cycle
Technology:- Technology is that type of thing that is not available in any type of organization then the organization can’t run smoothly. It is a means by which raw material is transforming into output. The technology consists of knowledge, equipment, process, and methods. It can be routine or non-routine depending on the type of work. So that technology influences organizational structure.
The second one is the environment. The internal environment consists of stakeholders. The external environment consists of technological, political-legal, social-cultural, and economic forces. Environmental factors influence the organizational structure. They cause uncertainty.
- The mechanistic structure is suited for a stable environment. The organic structure is suite for changing environments.
And the last second one is organization size. Size affects organizational design in very complex ways. The complex structure and flexible structure the example of small organizations. (Approaches to organizing)
Organization life cycle
And the last one is the organizational life cycle. It is consists of the Birth stage:- organization creates; employees are few. Youth stage:- sales increase; employees are added. Midlife stage:- Size increase; reasonably successful. Maturity stage:- Bureaucratic rules, policies, and regulations. The stage of the organizational life cycle influences approaches to organizing.